Vaccination of feral pigs (Sus scrofa) using iophenoxic acid as a simulated vaccine

Objectives: To develop an encapsulation method for delivery of vaccines to feral pigs, and quantify the effect of iophenoxic acid on captive feral pig blood iodine concentrations to assist in investigation of factors affecting vaccine uptake.

Design and methods: Feral pigs were administered iophenoxic acid by oral gavage, and consumption was assessed for different encapsulation methods in baits. Blood iodine concentrations were monitored for eight days after consumption. The
relationship between dose rate, time since dosing and blood iodine concentration was assessed for gavaged and baited captive feral pigs. Wild feral pigs were baited with PIGOUT ® baits containing 20 mg of encapsulated iophenoxic acid to simulate a vaccination program. Using knowledge from the pen studies, bait uptake and factors affecting bait uptake were investigated.

Results: Bait-delivered iophenoxic acid led to variable and inconsistent changes in blood iodine concentrations, in contrast to pigs receiving iophenoxic acid by gavage. This precluded accurate assessment of the quantity consumed, but still
allowed a conservative determination of bait uptake. Iophenoxic acid in smaller capsules was consumed readily. Increasing baiting intensity appeared to increase bait uptake by wild feral pigs, and pigs of varying sexes, ages and weights appeared
equally likely to consume baits.

Conclusions: Encapsulated liquids can be delivered to feral pigs within baits, should the need to vaccinate feral pigs for fertility or disease management arise. High baiting intensities may be required.

Author BD COWLED, SJ LAPIDGE, M SMITH and LD STAPLES
Date null
Year 2008
Secondary title Australian Veterinary Journal
Volume 86
Number 1 & 2
Institution Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre
Pages 50-55
Notes Notes
ISBN/ISSN doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2007.00231.x
Control method Baiting
Links https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2007.00231.x
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