Carp were first introduced to Australia more than 100 years ago. Several stains of carp, originating from both Europe and Asia can now be recognised from wild populations. Carp are now widely established throughout the Murray-Darling Basin and can also be found in all states and territories except the Northern Territory. Carp are very common in parts of this range in Australia and are considered to be one of our major pest fish species.
Many of the claims regarding carp’s environmental effects are difficult to confirm because of the lack of information on waterway health before their introduction. For many waterways the decline in habitat quality took place before the presence of carp — due to activities such as catchment clearing, removal of bankside vegetation, de-snagging, stream channelisation, pesticide use and overfishing of native species. However, when a species makes up more than 80% of the biomass at some sites, as has been recorded for carp in Australia, it is difficult to believe that their environmental impact will not be significant.
This document presents contributed papers from speakers at the Forum Carp management in Australia – state of knowledge, held in Melbourne, 19-20 June 2012. The forum was hosted by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre and the Murray-Darling Basin Authority. Proceedings produced by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre as part of the PestSmart series.
|Secondary title||Carp management in Australia — state of knowledge|
|Author||Wayne Fulton and Kylie Hall (eds)|
|Date||19-20 June 2012|
|Institution||Invasive Animals CRC|
|Region||Australia - national|
|ISBN/ISSN||Web ISBN: 978-1-921777-79-0|
PestSmart toolkit for carp: www.pestsmart.org.au/pest-animal-species/european-carp/