Feral goats on Raoul Island II. Diet and notes on the flora

Feral goats (Capra hircus) have been hunted intensively every year since 1972 on the 2950 ha Raoul Island to protect the indigenous vegetation. Rumen samples taken from 103 goats shot in 1982-83 showed that a minimum of 48 species of vascular plants, mostly indigenous species, were eaten. Only seven foods – Metrosideros kermadecensis, Coriaria arborea var. kermadecensis, Melicytus ramillorus spp. ramiflorus, Rhopalostylis baueri var. cheesemanii, various grasses and sedges, Blechnum spp., and the fungus Auricularia sp. – made up 89% of the diet by dry weight. The reduction in goat numbers has allowed most of the palatable species to regenerate, and rare, endangered plants such as Hebe breviracemosa, Homalanthus polyandrous, and Boelmeria australis var. dealbata are now increasing.

Author Parkes, J. P.
Date null
Year 1984
Secondary title New Zealand Journal of Ecology
Volume 7
Pages 95-101
Notes Notes
Region NZ
Links https://www.newzealandecology.org/nzje/free_issues/NZJEcol7_95.pdf