This literature review forms part of a larger social research project, ‘Wild dog management in Australia — a landscape approach to management including pests, people and place’, funded by Australian Wool Innovation Ltd (AWI). The larger project aims to understand how wild dog management can support wool producers to remain in the industry. Specifically the […]
WARNING: Some viewers may find this image upsetting. This image shows a sheep after a wild dog attack. Image supplied by NSW DPI. This image file may be freely downloaded and used without permission of the copyright holder for educational purposes only. If the image file is to be used for any other purpose other […]
1. Feral goats and sheep drinking from the channel leading to an artificial earth dam on Canegrass Station, South Australia. 2. Herd of feral goats drinking at an artificial earth dam on Canegrass Station, South Australia. 3. Feral goats drinking at a stock trough, Parcoola Station, South Australia. The small goat on the left has […]
Image shows feral goats amongst a flock of sheep. Image supplied by NSW DPI. This image file may be freely downloaded and used without permission of the copyright holder for educational purposes only. If the image file is to be used for any other purpose other than educational use (including commercial purposes), permission must be […]
Data on the distribution and abundance of selected pest animals were obtained for the state of Western Australia. We used institutional knowledge from the Department of Agriculture (DAWA) and the Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM) to acquire this important information. A two-part survey process was used to capture knowledge in 104 face-to-face interviews. […]
This paper challenges conclusions of Caughley et al. (1980) that the abundance of red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) in western New South Wales is solely due to lack of dingoes (Canis lupus dingo), and vice versa for neighbouring South Australia. A Dingo Barrier Fence divides the two different ecological systems, which have sheep in New South […]
Predation by dingoes Canis lupus dingo is regarded as a widespread problem by Australian livestock producers. This study examined five decades of historical data to evaluate the use and effect of dingo control on the distribution of sheep and beef cattle in Queensland.
An investigation into causes of low lamb marking percentages was made on a property in north-west New South Wales from 1971 to 1975. Investigations revealed that from 11 to 70% of the ewes in lamb were losing all their lambs. Observations suggested that feral pig predation was a factor in the perinatal loss. In 1975, […]
Observations from aerial radio-tracking were used together with analysis of scat and stomach samples to investigate the feeding ecology of dingoes, Canis familiaris dingo, on the lower Fortescue River in Western Australia. Between 1977 and 1984, 1948 records of hunting and feeding were obtained, and 352 scats and 119 stomachs were collected. Dingoes preyed predominantly […]
This review describes the distribution of feral cattle, goats and sheep in New Zealand. Included is a full distribution of the behaviour, population dynamics and significance of feral goats to the New Zealand environment.
Rabbits are pests in many areas of New Zealand because they have a negative impact on agricultural production and conservation values. The production impact is predominantly on pastoral enterprises where rabbits reduce profitability of wool growing by a scarcity of quantitative information on the extent of these impacts and how they vary with rabbit density […]
There are currently two large pest barrier fence systems in Queensland: the Wild Dog Barrier Fence, which protects the main sheep grazing areas of the south and south-west, and the Darling Downs-Moreton Rabbit Board (DDMRB) Fence, which protects some of the most productive agricultural land in the south-east.
The Wild Dog Barrier Fence (previously called the Dingo Barrier Fence) was first proposed in the late 1940s to protect sheep from being attacked by wild dogs. Erection, however, was not completed until the late 1950s. Originally the graziers were responsible for maintaining the fence, but with drought and changes in the wool market it […]
Wild dogs are declared animals under the Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Act 2002 (Qld) and as such all land owners in Queensland are required to reduce the number of wild dogs on their properties. The term wild dog refers collectively to purebred dingoes, dingo hybrids and domestic dogs that have escaped or […]
This study describes temporal, spatial and individual variation in the diet of 255 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) collected from agricultural land in central New South Wales from July 1994 to November 1996. Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), sheep (Ovis aries), eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and invertebrates were the most important food items overall. Significant seasonal variations, […]
The former distributions of stick-nest rats (Leporillus conditor and L. apicalis), both extinct on the Australian mainland since about the 1930s, were determined from literature reports, museum records, interview responses and field surveys of key areas. Population parameters were determined for L. conditor from early literature accounts, studies of remnant stick-nests in caves, a three-year […]
Every year in Australia approximately 11 million lambs die within a week of birth. Of these, 5% die before birth, 20% during birth and 75% after birth. This lamb mortility around the time of birth is the main form of lamb loss in our sheep flocks. Starvation, mismothering, exposure, difficult birth, predators, infection and other […]
A study was commissioned by NR&M and undertaken by Rural Management Partners to estimate the cost of wild dogs and dingoes to Queensland’s rural industries, particularly the grazing industry. The major findings of the report include: wild dogs cost the state $33 million per year in livestock losses, diseases spread and control there are also […]
Compared with short-lived plants, trees and shrubs contribute disproportionately to landscape and ecosystem stability in the arid zone because of their perennial nature and drought resistance. The introduction of exotic herbivores however, has led to the suppression of the regeneration of many trees and shrubs, threatening their long term survival. The herbivores responsible for this […]
Producers need to be able to recognise the cause of stock losses as a first step to reducing them. Some losses such as those brought about by general harassment, mis-mothering and so on cannot be easily measured. While such damage may be considerable, it falls outside the scope of this article which deals with recognising […]