Mammalia

Tree colonisation of abandoned arable land after 27 years of horse-grazing: The role of bramble as a facilitator of oak wood regeneration

The impact of horse-grazing on natural tree regeneration on abandoned arable fields was studied in ‘Baronie Cranendonck’, a 98 ha nature reserve near the Dutch-Belgian border. The study area comprised […]

Wildlife encounters by Lewis and Clark: A spatial analysis of interactions between native Americans and wildlife

The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement. We used the journal […]

Social relationships in a group of horses without a mature stallion

1. The social relationships in a group of Icelandic horses without a mature stallion were studied. The horses were all familiar to each other. Mutual grooming and play relationships, spatial […]

Phylogeny, form and function of the canine teeth in the horse.

The canine teeth of the horse developed phylogenically from the simple, pointed, short-rooted tooth form of the leaf eating, in pairs living, Eocene horse dagHyracotherium and served up to the […]

Possible mechanisms of mammalian immunocontraception

Ecological and conservation programs in ecosystems around the world have experienced varied success in population management. One of the greatest problems is that human expansion has led to the shrinking […]