Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) are opportunistic predators and scavengers and have few natural predators in Australia. Red foxes pose a threat to livestock, as they prey on poultry, lambs and goat kids. In high density areas they may also be a health risk to humans and pets, through transmission of diseases such as distemper, parvo virus and mange.
Evidence suggests red foxes are a primary cause in the decline and extinction of many small and medium-sized rodent and marsupial species in Australia. They also prey on many bird species.
Foxes were originally introduced to mainland Australia in the 1850s for recreational hunting and spread rapidly. Today, they are abundant in all states and territories except Tasmania, where they are still at low density.
- FoxScan goes multilingual to enhance uptake in Sydney region - In September 2015, fifteen southern Sydney Councils came together to develop a regional and coordinated approach to fox management. The project aimed to study the behaviour of urban foxes, engage local communities and […]
- PAPP for wild dog and fox control - What is PAPP and how does it work?
- Fox legislation in Australia - Current fox management strategies and techniques are governed or affected by various Commonwealth, state and territory laws. Fox predation as a key threatening process The Australian Government (under […]
- Foxes in Tasmania - Introduction Foxes pose a significant threat to Tasmania’s biodiversity and agricultural sector. The potential cost of an established fox population has been estimated at over $20 million annually, with […]
- Advances in the molecular ecology of foxes - Introduction Foxes are highly secretive and cryptic animals. They are wary of humans, highly mobile and occur at relatively low densities across the landscape. These factors make the collection […]
- PestSmart Factsheet: Fox Bounties - Bounty systems offer financial incentives to hunt and destroy pest animals. Bounty systems offer what appears to be a simple solution to pest animal problems by providing financial rewards to […]
- Fox – humaneness matrix - Matrix showing the relative humaneness of fox control methods. The ‘humaneness’ of a pest animal control method refers to the overall welfare impact that the method has on an individual […]
- PestSmart Factsheet: European Red Fox - Biology and Ecology: Although 3 colour morphs (red, silver or black and cross) are generally recognised worldwide, the red morph is most common in Australia. In general, throat and abdomen […]
Understand your fox problem
Set objectives & develop plan
Choose your strategy
Control and monitor
There are many reasons to control foxes; for example, to protect native wildlife in your area, improve lamb survival on your property, help your neighbour out, reduce the risk of fox-borne diseases such as mange or tapeworm, or prevent the killing of your backyard chooks. However, fox control is not something you do after the damage starts. Foxes are widespread and numerous across the landscape. They are highly mobile and efficient breeders, and can quickly move in and recolonise areas where fox numbers have been reduced. ‘One-off’ or reactionary control programs may kill a few foxes in the short term but there is little change in fox population numbers and the level of fox damage over the long term.
The solution is an integrated fox management plan which takes a long term, landscape approach to controlling the impact of foxes. Integrated fox management is a planned approach, with clear aims, realistic levels of management, and the ability to monitor and evaluate the outcomes. You take advantage of the fox biology ‘weak spots’, and use your resources more efficiently and effectively, resulting in a long term impact on foxes and the damage they cause and maximising the outcomes for the prey species.
Generally, no single strategy or control technique will completely remove foxes from an area, so integrated fox management relies on a combination of strategies and techniques to keep on top of the fox problem.
- A field guide to poison baiting: wild dogs and foxes - Download the Field Guide The Field Guide to Poison Baiting: Wild Dogs and Foxes provides information on the strategies and approaches to deliver baiting programs for wild dogs and […]
- PAPP for wild dog and fox control - What is PAPP and how does it work?
- Best practice guidelines for the use of guardian dogs for the protection of livestock in Australia - Project to develop a best practice manual that provides examples of where guardian dogs have been used successfully to protect livestock.
- Trapping Introduced Predators for the Protection of Biodiversity and Livestock: an instructional DVD - Development of this instructional DVD for trapping introduced predators (wild dog, red fox and feral cat)
- Vertebrate Pesticides: An Australian Guide - This project has produced a publication containing relevant information on all the currently registered vertebrate pesticides in Australia
- Demonstrating the potential resilience of fox populations to coordinated landholder baiting programs for agricultural protection - The main goal of this project was to evaluate and demonstrate the ability of conventional baiting practices to suppress fox populations.
- Glovebox Guide for Managing Foxes - This glovebox guide is part of the PestSmart Toolkit for Foxes, produced by the Invasive Animals CRC. It is designed to provide current information on best practice fox management for […]
- Baiting for fox control - Introduction: Poison baiting is currently the most effective broad-scale method of fox control. Toxins used against foxes in Australia must be registered with the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines […]
- Fencing for fox control - Introduction Barrier or exclusion fencing is a non-lethal method commonly used to prevent fox attacks on domestic livestock and threatened wildlife species. Although fences are commonly used to protect […]
- Fox shooting and hunting - Introduction In Australia, landowners are permitted to hunt and shoot foxes on their own land provided they are appropriately licenced. Recreational hunters and shooters need to gain permission from […]
- Guardian Dogs: Best Practice Manual for the use of Livestock Guardian Dogs. - Livestock guardian dogs are medium to large sized dogs that are kept with livestock to protect them from predators. In Australia they are mainly used to protect sheep, goats and […]
- Improving Fox Management Strategies in Australia - The European red fox was introduced into Australia in the 1870s for recreational hunting. Their subsequent spread was rapid and they are now responsible for environmental and agricultural impacts valued […]
- Monitoring techniques for vertebrate pests – Foxes - The purpose of this manual is to provide details of the techniques available to monitor the fox in Australia. By providing a step-by-step description of each technique it will be […]
- First aid – 1080 and your dog - This pamphlet has been designed as a guideline to provide basic first aid information for suspected 1080 poisoning of pet and working dogs.
- Managing Vertebrate Pests: Foxes - Introduced to Australia over 100 years ago as an animal for the hunt, the European red fox is now common through most of southern Australia and is one of the […]
Standard Operating Procedures – fox control
- GEN003: Trapping using soft net traps - Soft net traps consist of a flexible metal frame and netting and/or bag which collapses over the animal when triggered. Soft net traps rely on entanglement to secure and hold […]
- GEN002: The care & management of dogs used in the control of pest animals - Dogs are used for a range of pest animal control operations. This procedure provides advice on first aid and basic care for dogs used in these situations. It is written […]
- GEN001: Methods of euthanasia - The word euthanasia means an easy death and should be regarded as an act of humane killing with the minimum of pain, fear and distress. Euthanasia of a range of […]
- FOX006: Trapping of foxes using cage traps - The introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has a significant impact on native fauna and agricultural production. Fox control methods include lethal baiting, trapping, shooting, den fumigation, den destruction and […]
- FOX005: Trapping of foxes using padded-jaw traps - The introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has a significant impact on native fauna and agricultural production. Fox control methods include lethal baiting, trapping, shooting, den fumigation, den destruction and […]
- FOX004: Fumigation of fox dens using carbon monoxide - The introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has a significant impact on native fauna and agricultural production. Fox control methods include lethal baiting, trapping, shooting, den fumigation, den destruction and […]
- FOX003: Ground shooting of foxes - Shooting of foxes is undertaken by government vertebrate pest control officers, landholders and professional or experienced amateur shooters. Although shooting may reduce the local number of foxes or problem animals, […]
- FOX002: Aerial baiting of foxes with 1080 - Poisoning with sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is used to minimise the impact of the introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) on native fauna and agricultural livestock. Lethal baiting is considered to […]
- FOX001: Ground baiting of foxes with sodium fluoroacetate (1080) - Poisoning with sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is used to minimise the impact of the introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes on native fauna and agricultural production. Lethal baiting is considered to […]
- Model code of practice for the humane control of foxes - The aim of this code of practice is to provide information and recommendations to vertebrate pest managers responsible for the control of foxes. It includes advice on how to choose […]
- Northern Sydney regional fox baiting program - Case study on a cooperative fox control program conducted across urban areas in NSW
- Goonoo fox baiting program - Case study on the effectiveness of a group fox baiting program on land surrounding the Goonoo State Conservation Area of NSW
- Declaring the fox a pest in New South Wales - Case study on the usefulness of legislative powers to improve fox management
- Foxes on Phillip Island - Case study on the current attempt to eradicate foxes from Phillip Island off the Victorian coast
- Bounceback — fox control in the Flinders Ranges - Case study of fox control as part of a major conservation program aiming to protect and restore the semi-arid environment in South Australia
- Coordinated fox shooting program - Case study on a group program of fox shooting in the Milton–Ulladulla region of NSW
- Coordinated group fox programs - Case study on the effectiveness of using coordinated group programs for fox management on farms
- Development of new toxins for wild dog and fox control - Video overview of new toxins and baits being developed for wild dog and fox control
- PestSmart DVD: Introduction to using foot hold traps for the capture of wild dogs and foxes - This DVD is a snapshot of proven tips and techniques from a variety of locations across Australia. With guidance from professional trappers, the DVD will provide you with insight and […]