This report provides an overview of current research, regulations and issues concerning genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for use as biological controls of vertebrates. GMO research for the management of rabbits, mice, possums, cane toads and exotic fish are outlined. Regulations and ethics guidelines presently in effect at the national level are described for Australia, New Zealand, Europe and the USA. International agreements relevant to the use of biocontrol agents and GMOs are also described, including the Convention on Biological Diversity, International Plant Protection Convention, the World Trade Organization?s Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement and requirements of the World Organisation for Animal Health. International issues of using biocontrol GMOs, particularly disseminating organisms, have been raised in the recent literature and at two key conferences: the 2003 International Wildlife Management Congress in New Zealand and an online conference hosted by the Convention of Biological Diversity in 2004. They include concerns of transboundary movement, non-target effects and the need for an international body to consult with and regulate the use of biocontrol GMOs.
|Author||Henderson, W and Murphy, E|
|Institution||Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre|
|Control method||Biological Control|
|Documents||GMOs for Biocontrol